Department of Forest Ecology

Working groups presentation

Monitoring of close-to nature and old-growth forest: 
prof. Ing. Miroslav Svoboda, Ing. Radek Bače Ph.D., Ing. Pavel Janda Ph.D., Ing. Vojta Čada  Ph.D., Ing. Martin Mikoláš Ph.D., Ing. Volodymyr Trotsiuk Ph.D.....
We focus especially on the well-preserved forests in protected areas within Europe (Slovakia, Ukrajina, Bulgaria, Albania, Croatia, Romania...). Our research is based on the terrain measurement and evaluation of a wide specter of site parametres: biodiversity evaluation concerned on the tree species but also on the "flag" species such as e.g. fungi or  Tetrao urogallus), description of spatial and age forest stand structure, modelling of stand dynamics history based on the dendrochronological data. Following that, we analyse the reaction of forest structure on the past disturbances, on the carbon dynamics in forest ecosystem and on the biodiversity and forest stand development variability in relation to complex primary forest structure.  Since disturbances are one of the key factors affecting forest ecosystems structure, function and dynamics, it have been in the center of our attention. Within large Carpathian primary mountain spruce forest complex, unique in Middle and Eastern Europe approximately 500 permanent experimental plots was established and detailed dendroecological study is in process. We are also concerned on detail- evaluation of individual tree reaction to climate or specific tree potential as a microhabitat and biodiversity source. Wide collection of data from different conditions and our research results enables us to form practical recommendation for forest and protected forest area management.

Lab of Dendrochronology
Ing. Pavel Janda PhD., technical supervisor Ing. Martin Dušátko
Tree rings can show us not only correct tree age but also the development of individual tree as well as the whole stand dynamics.  Tree-ring analyses reveal ecologic and climatic information from the past and by the specialized programs (TSAPWin a CDendro) we can evaluate spatial variability of these forces. After, the reconstruction of past environmental conditions change is possible.  Our tree-ring database, containing more than 12000 samples, is result of many terrain expeditions worldwide, with presence of our faculty students.

Pinus sylvestris regenetration in the sheltewood:   
Ing. Jan Vítámvás PhD., Ing. Iva Ulbrichová PhD.   
- cooperation with the Silviculture department within project NAZV (2015-2018) – "QJ1520037 Possibilities of pine silviculture adaptability in ČR conditions". Our topic have been evaluation of natural regeneration different aspects in the shelterwood  silviculture system within natural conditions (Hradec, Třeboň, Hluboká, Doksy, Plasy).  In Doksy area have been also established 3 experimental plots (3ha each), concerned to young seedlings development in understory and evaluation of different canopy and soil preparation influence (which continues as a long-term research). Similar experiments (evaluation of shading and drought influence) were also evaluated in the glasshouses of the University research station Truba-Kostelec n.Č.l.

Botanics - rare species
Tomáš Černý PhD., Mgr. Petr Karlík PhD., Ing. Radka Broumová
 Research on population dynamics of Orchideaceae rare forest species is aimed on detailed evaluation of flowering, herbivory, plants vitality and site conditions within broader west-east gradient in ČR. Other species were also in focus in near past and research was conducted on the reproduction possibilities of  Pulsatilla sp. and the geographic distribution and anatomic characteristics of Vinca minor. Long-term annual botany and phytosociology monitoring  takes part in CHKO Křivoklátsko for forest (since 1993) and also non forest (od r. 2004) vegetation.

Coppice forests
Mgr. Tomáš Černý PhD., Mgr. Petr Karlík PhD., Ing. Radim Matula,PhD.
Long-term lowland forests research (CHKO Český kras and NP Podyjí and others) is concerned mainly on the natural dynamics of the forest growth and at the same time on the trees reaction on the actual climatic characteristics (individual dendrometers evaluation). Based on the terrain operational experiment is evaluation of coppice forest regeneration after felling and especially evaluation of different stand factors (canopy change, game browsing, climatic changes) with the effect on the sprouting from the stumps, the surface vegetation dynamics and biodiversity and forest structure.